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Mastering the Art of Case Analysis: Tips and Strategies for Success

-Dr. Dipendra Karki, Nepal Commerce Campus

Mastering the Art of Case Analysis in MBA Finance: Tips and Strategies for Success


Case analysis is a critical component of any MBA Finance program. It enables students to apply their theoretical knowledge to real-world scenarios and make informed decisions based on financial data. However, writing a compelling case analysis can be challenging, and many students struggle to develop an effective approach. In this article, we will discuss how to handle and write a case analysis in MBA Finance and provide some useful tips and strategies to help students achieve success.


The primary objective of this article is to help MBA Finance students develop a deeper understanding of case analysis and equip them with the tools and techniques they need to excel in this area. Specifically, this article aims to:

  • Explain the purpose and benefits of case analysis in MBA Finance.
  • Provide a step-by-step guide for approaching and analyzing case studies.
  • Highlight common mistakes to avoid when writing a case analysis.
  • Offer practical tips and strategies for presenting findings effectively.
  • Provide examples of successful case analyses and the techniques used to achieve them.

By the end of this article, students will have a better understanding of the key concepts and best practices for case analysis in MBA Finance, allowing them to write effective, well-structured, and persuasive case analyses that will impress their professors and peers. This article provides a step-by-step guide to help MBA Finance students approach and analyze case studies successfully.

Step 1: Read the Case Study Carefully

The first step in case analysis is to read the case study carefully. It is essential to understand the background, context, and issues presented in the case study. Pay attention to the financial data, key players, and any relevant industry or economic trends that may impact the case.

Step 2: Identify the Key Issues

Once you have read the case study, the next step is to identify the key issues that need to be addressed. It is important to prioritize these issues and focus on the ones that are most critical to the case. This will help you to structure your analysis and ensure that you are addressing the most important aspects of the case.

Step 3: Gather Relevant Data

To conduct a thorough analysis, you need to gather relevant data from a variety of sources. This may include financial statements, industry reports, and news articles. Make sure that the data you gather is reliable and accurate.

Step 4: Analyze the Data

Once you have gathered the relevant data, the next step is to analyze it. Use financial ratios, trend analysis, and other analytical tools to interpret the data and draw conclusions. It is important to consider the context of the data and any external factors that may impact the analysis.

Step 5: Develop a Solution

Based on your analysis, develop a solution to the key issues identified in the case study. Your solution should be supported by the data and analysis you have conducted. Consider the pros and cons of your solution and any potential risks or challenges that may arise.

Step 6: Communicate Your Findings

Finally, it is important to communicate your findings effectively. Your case analysis should be well-structured, concise, and easy to understand. Use visuals such as charts and graphs to present your data and findings clearly. It is also important to consider your audience and tailor your communication style accordingly.

In conclusion, case analysis is an important skill for MBA Finance students. By following this step-by-step guide, students can approach and analyze case studies effectively, resulting in well-structured and persuasive case analyses. With practice and experience, students can master the art of case analysis and apply this skill to their future careers in finance.

Sample Cases in Global Financial Markets (MBAF 509)

-Dr. Dipendra Karki
Nepal Commerce Campus

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Objectives: The main objective of introducing case studies in MBA finance is to help students develop practical problem-solving skills in real-world financial situations. Case studies typically present complex financial scenarios that require students to analyze data, identify key issues, and develop solutions that address the underlying financial problems. Case studies provide students with the opportunity to apply theoretical concepts and analytical tools to real-life situations. By analyzing and solving financial problems in a case study, students can develop a deeper understanding of financial theory and how it applies in practice. Additionally, case studies can help students develop critical thinking skills, as they must evaluate various options and make decisions based on limited information. This can prepare them for the challenges they may face in their future careers in finance.

To make a case analysis and synopsis, you can follow these steps:

  • Read and Understand the Case: The first step is to read the case carefully and try to understand the situation, facts, and issues involved in it.
  • Identify the Key Issues: Once you have understood the case, identify the key issues or problems that need to be addressed in the case.
  • Analyze the Facts: Analyze the facts of the case and try to identify the causes and effects of the problem. Use critical thinking skills to analyze the facts objectively.
  • Identify the Stakeholders: Identify the stakeholders involved in the case and their interests. This will help you in understanding the different perspectives and concerns of the stakeholders.
  • Evaluate Alternatives: Based on the analysis, evaluate different alternatives or solutions to the problem.
  • Make Recommendations: After evaluating the alternatives, make recommendations based on the analysis and evaluation. Your recommendations should be practical, feasible, and supported by evidence from the case.
  • Write a Synopsis: Finally, write a synopsis of the case that summarizes the key facts, issues, analysis, and recommendations. Your synopsis should be clear, concise, and focused on the main points of the case. While making a synopsis for case analysis the procedure can be broken down into five steps:
  1. Case Synopsis: Start with a brief overview of the case. This should include the parties involved, the context, and the problem or situation that needs to be addressed. Provide a summary of the key events that led up to the case.
  2. Facts of the Case: Next, provide a detailed description of the facts of the case. This should include relevant information about the people, events, and circumstances that are relevant to the problem or situation. Use objective language and avoid making assumptions or drawing conclusions at this stage.
  3. Issues of the Case: Identify the key issues or problems that need to be addressed in the case. These may include legal, ethical, financial, or strategic issues. Be specific and clear about the nature of each issue.
  4. Theory-Based Analysis: This is the core of your case analysis. Use relevant theories and frameworks to analyze the issues identified in the previous step. This may involve applying legal principles, ethical theories, financial models, or strategic frameworks. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each theory and make connections to the facts of the case.
  5. Recommendation: Based on your analysis, make a recommendation for how the case should be resolved. Your recommendation should be based on the best available evidence, be realistic, and address the key issues of the case. Provide a clear explanation for your recommendation and consider potential objections or counterarguments.

Remember to structure your case analysis in a clear and logical way, with each section building on the previous one. Use evidence from the case and relevant theory to support your analysis and recommendations. Remember to use proper formatting, citation, and referencing while writing your case analysis and synopsis.

1. Case Study: Tesla’s Financing Strategy

Tesla, Inc. is an American electric vehicle and clean energy company. The company was founded in 2003 and has since disrupted the traditional automotive industry with its innovative technology and sustainable energy solutions. However, Tesla’s rapid growth and expansion have required significant financing, and the company has had to adopt a unique financing strategy to support its operations.

Tesla’s financing strategy includes a combination of equity and debt financing. The company has raised significant capital through equity offerings, including several rounds of private funding and multiple public stock offerings. In addition to equity financing, Tesla has also raised significant amounts of debt through a variety of financing options.

One of Tesla’s most notable financing initiatives was the issuance of convertible bonds in 2014. These bonds allowed investors to convert their debt into equity, providing a way for the company to raise capital without diluting its existing shareholders. Tesla’s convertible bonds were oversubscribed, indicating strong investor demand for the company’s financing offerings.

Despite its successful financing initiatives, Tesla has faced significant challenges in managing its finances. The company has experienced significant cash burn due to its aggressive expansion and investment in new products and technologies. In addition, Tesla has faced scrutiny from investors and analysts regarding its profitability and financial stability.

Hint: As a finance student, your task is to evaluate Tesla's financing strategy and recommend a course of action for the company. You should consider the following factors:
• The advantages and disadvantages of equity and debt financing, including the impact on shareholder value, cost of capital, and financial risk.
• The risks associated with Tesla's financing strategy, including the potential for   overleveraging and the impact of market conditions on the company's ability to raise capital.
• The impact of Tesla's cash burn on the company's financial stability and long-term viability.
• The potential for alternative financing strategies, such as asset-backed securities or partnerships with strategic investors.
Based on your analysis, you should recommend a course of action for Tesla's financing strategy. Your recommendation should include a detailed analysis of the risks and benefits of each financing option and an assessment of the impact on shareholder value and financial stability. You should also provide recommendations for risk management strategies that the company can adopt to mitigate the risks associated with its financing initiatives.


  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of equity financing compared to debt financing for Tesla? Which financing method would you recommend for the company, and why?
  2. What are the risks associated with Tesla’s convertible bond financing strategy? How do these risks compare to those of traditional debt financing?
  3. How has Tesla’s aggressive expansion and investment in new products impacted the company’s financial stability and cash flow? What steps should Tesla take to manage these risks?
  4. What are the potential alternative financing strategies that Tesla could pursue? How do these strategies compare to Tesla’s current financing approach in terms of cost of capital and financial risk?
  5. What role does Tesla’s stock price and market conditions play in the company’s ability to raise capital through equity offerings? How does Tesla’s unique business model and industry impact the company’s financing options and strategies?

2. Case Study: Nike’s Financial Performance

Nike is one of the world’s leading athletic apparel and footwear companies, with a global brand recognized for its quality and innovation. The company was founded in 1964 and has grown rapidly, with annual revenues of over $44 billion as of 2020.

Nike’s financial performance has been strong in recent years, with steady revenue growth and high profitability. For example, in 2020, the company reported revenues of $44.5 billion, up 5% from the previous year. Net income was $2.5 billion, up 12% from the previous year.

One key driver of Nike’s financial success is its strong brand recognition and marketing. The company invests heavily in marketing and advertising, with a focus on high-profile athletes and events. For example, in 2019, Nike spent over $3 billion on marketing, including sponsorship deals with top athletes like LeBron James and Serena Williams.

Another factor contributing to Nike’s financial success is its focus on innovation and product development. The company invests heavily in research and development, with a focus on new materials, manufacturing techniques, and design features. For example, Nike’s Flyknit technology, which uses a single piece of material to create a lightweight, breathable shoe, has been a major success for the company.

In terms of financial management, Nike has been successful in generating strong cash flows and maintaining a healthy balance sheet. The company has consistently generated positive free cash flow, with $3.3 billion in free cash flow in 2020. Nike has also maintained a strong balance sheet, with a net cash position of $3.3 billion as of 2020.

Overall, Nike’s financial performance reflects its strong brand recognition, focus on innovation, and effective financial management. By investing in marketing and R&D, while maintaining a strong balance sheet and generating positive cash flows, Nike has been able to sustain long-term growth and profitability.


  1. How has Nike been able to achieve steady revenue growth and high profitability in recent years?
  2. What role does Nike’s focus on marketing and advertising play in the company’s financial success?
  3. How does Nike’s investment in innovation and product development contribute to its financial performance?
  4. What is Nike’s approach to financial management, and how has this contributed to the company’s strong balance sheet and cash flow position?
  5. What risks and challenges does Nike face in maintaining its financial performance over the long term, and how is the company addressing these?

3. Case Study: Himalayan Java Coffee

Background: Himalayan Java Coffee is a Nepalese coffee company that was founded in 2007 by Gagan Pradhan and Anand Gurung. The company is based in Kathmandu and operates multiple coffee shops across Nepal, as well as a coffee roasting facility. Himalayan Java Coffee sources its coffee beans from local farmers in Nepal, and is committed to promoting sustainable and ethical practices in the coffee industry.

Key Facts:

  • Founded in 2007 by Gagan Pradhan and Anand Gurung
  • Operates multiple coffee shops across Nepal, as well as a coffee roasting facility
  • Sources coffee beans from local farmers in Nepal
  • Committed to promoting sustainable and ethical practices in the coffee industry

Key Challenges:

  • Competition from established international coffee chains, such as Starbucks and Costa Coffee
  • Limited awareness and knowledge of specialty coffee among Nepalese consumers
  • Dependence on local supply chains and weather patterns for coffee production
  • Limited access to financing and capital for business expansion

Key Strategies:

  • Differentiation through high-quality coffee and local sourcing
  • Building a strong brand and customer loyalty through a focus on sustainability and social responsibility
  • Education and marketing initiatives to increase awareness and knowledge of specialty coffee among Nepalese consumers
  • Diversification of product offerings, such as through the introduction of new coffee blends and merchandise
  • Partnership with international coffee organizations to access financing and business development resources

Questions for Discussion:

  • How does Himalayan Java Coffee differentiate itself from international coffee chains such as Starbucks and Costa Coffee?
  • What role does sustainability and social responsibility play in Himalayan Java Coffee’s brand and customer loyalty?
  • What are the key challenges facing Himalayan Java Coffee in the Nepalese coffee market, and how is the company addressing these challenges?
  • What are the potential risks and benefits of sourcing coffee beans from local farmers in Nepal, rather than from international suppliers?
  • What are the potential opportunities for Himalayan Java Coffee to expand its business beyond Nepal, and what strategies should the company consider to achieve this?

4. Case Study Company Name: Nabil Bank Limited

Background: Nabil Bank Limited is a leading commercial bank in Nepal, established in 1984. The bank offers a wide range of financial products and services, including deposit accounts, loans, credit cards, and trade finance. As of 2021, the bank has over 100 branches and employs more than 2,000 staff.

Financial Issues: Despite its strong market position, Nabil Bank Limited faces several financial challenges that need to be addressed to ensure long-term sustainability and growth. Some of these challenges include:

  1. Asset quality: Nabil Bank Limited has faced increasing non-performing loans (NPLs) in recent years. As of 2021, the bank’s NPL ratio stood at around 2.5%, which is above the industry average. This indicates that the bank may be taking on more credit risk than it can handle, which can impact its profitability and solvency.
  2. Liquidity risk: Nabil Bank Limited has also faced challenges related to liquidity risk. In 2020, the bank’s loan-to-deposit ratio was around 75%, which is close to the regulatory limit. This indicates that the bank may be reliant on short-term borrowing to fund its lending activities, which can be risky in a volatile market environment.
  3. Competition: Nabil Bank Limited operates in a highly competitive market, with several domestic and international banks vying for market share. This can impact the bank’s profitability and growth prospects, particularly if it is unable to differentiate itself or offer competitive products and services.

Recommended Financial Strategies: To address these financial issues and ensure long-term sustainability and growth, Nabil Bank Limited could consider implementing the following strategies:

  1. Strengthen risk management: The bank could strengthen its risk management framework to better assess and manage credit and liquidity risks. This could include developing more robust credit assessment processes, improving monitoring of loan performance, and diversifying its funding sources.
  2. Improve asset quality: Nabil Bank Limited could focus on improving the quality of its loan portfolio by enhancing underwriting standards, reducing exposure to risky sectors, and proactively managing non-performing loans.
  3. Expand product and service offerings: To remain competitive, Nabil Bank Limited could consider expanding its product and service offerings to attract new customers and increase revenue streams. This could include launching innovative digital banking solutions, offering specialized products for SMEs and corporate clients, and exploring new business lines such as wealth management or insurance.

Conclusion: Nabil Bank Limited is a leading commercial bank in Nepal that faces several financial challenges related to asset quality, liquidity risk, and competition. By implementing strategies to strengthen risk management, improve asset quality, and expand product and service offerings, the bank can mitigate these challenges and position itself for long-term sustainability and growth.


  1. impact the bank’s long-term sustainability and growth?
  2. What are some potential risks associated with Nabil Bank Limited’s high loan-to-deposit ratio, and how might the bank address these risks?
  3. How might Nabil Bank Limited improve its asset quality and reduce its non-performing loan ratio?
  4. What are some potential benefits and drawbacks of expanding Nabil Bank Limited’s product and service offerings, and how might the bank assess the feasibility of such an expansion?
  5. How might Nabil Bank Limited differentiate itself from its competitors in the Nepalese banking market, and what strategies could the bank employ to increase its market share and profitability?


Brown, J. (2019). Case Study: Walmart’s Sustainability Strategy. Harvard Business Review, 19-127.

Kim, J., & Park, H. (2020). The Power of Customer Reviews: A Case Study of TripAdvisor. Journal of Travel Research, 59(2), 264-276.

Lee, J. S., & Kim, S. H. (2021). A Case Study of Tesla Motors’ Business Strategies. International Journal of Automotive Technology, 22(1), 1-13.

Sharma, S. K., & Pandey, R. K. (2020). How Swiggy Earned Its Unicorn Status: A Case Study. International Journal of Management Studies, 7(1), 23-33.

Tushman, M., & O’Reilly, C. (2017). A Tale of Two Companies: Disruption and Continuity in the Aluminum Industry. Strategic Management Journal, 38(2), 372-392.

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